THINGS TO DO IN BURSA
Whenever you come to Istanbul, if you want to add something different to your travel and experience, you should definitely give a couple of days for a Bursa trip. Here are the reasons to have a visit. Not only will you see a modern city but also an intact Ottoman village from Middle ages. tombs of first 6 sultans of Ottoman Empire. a grand mosque and a grand mountain 2543 meters high with its skiing facilities 5 month long a year.
Mosques of Ottomans during first period are really different from the ones built in the following centuries. First mosques are generally reverse-T shaped plan. Why so? Because the mosques of the first period were both praying and administrative centers. The rooms on the right and left handsides in the entrances are multi-purpose ones. During prayer times, they served as a praying area. Other than praying times, governmetal issues, judicial problems, educational and social affairs consultated, handled and more there. Therefore, you shouldn’t stick only to the mosques in Istanbul. You should see these mosques serving more than one mission.
Also the Cumalıkızık village gives visitors something different that you can’t catch it in Istanbul. That is to say, it gets you feel the middle Ottoman rural life. In the village, houses and streets are intact and authentic. In addition, you will find a museum that houses the old goods used by the villagers throughout the many centuries long. Also, you will see villager ladies serving you the traditional foods in their traditional clothes.
1- GRAND MOSQUE (ULUCAMİİ)
This is the mosque that is the most classical and monumental sample of the buildings with many columns. Also, interior area is the largest one across the Turkey. The most noteworthy feature of the mosque is the calligraphy on the columns. Each column has a different style of writings on and were written in the 19th century. Although the architecture is plain, people are generally awed by the splendor of the mosque.
2- KOZA HAN
It is very close to Grand Mosque. It was the inn for silk trade along Ottoman history. Still, many shops in the inn sell fabrics and products made from silk. Also, there are cafes in the lower floor to have a peaceful drink. In the middle of the courtyard, a small mosque over the columns is just nice.
It is a place on a hill overlooking at the city center. Also, the tombs of the first two sultans and a clock tower are all in the same tiny square. It is an indispensable point to have a panoramic views of the city. You can have a tea or coffee in the cafes while enjoying the views. Then you can have a short hiking through the narrow streets of the slope. After you get tired, you can do the window shopping in the Balibey inn where traditional Turkish handcrafts and artistic works are shown in the shops. Lastly, you can take pictures in front of the main gate of the city walls. Remember, history of Bursa started in this place by Bythinian king Prussa and Cartagian rebel against Rome Hannibal.
Actually here is a complex and the foremost symbol of Bursa with Ulucami. The complex called Yeşil Külliyesi (Yesil Complex) consisted of a mosque, a tomb, a school (madrasa), almshouse and a Turkish bath. Other than almshouse which was destroyed unfortunately, all are in use. Yesil mosque and tomb are masterpieces of Turkish carving and tiles. The school (madrasa) became the Bursa Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art. Not only the Islamin and Ottoman relics but also the archeological foundigs unearthed within the administrative boundaries of Bursa are on the exhibition at the museum.
Two museums, one Ottoman style museum house, one mosque and a chain of tombs are in a small site. In other words, here is a small but full of varieties in terms of history. We assure that you can visualise Ottoman life in your mind clearly. The Ottoman house was a landowner’s one and the typical of its period. The other 19th century Ottoman house is ‘’Hüsnü Züber Evi’’ (Husnu Zuber House). Also, this one is fully decorated with the goods belonged to the time. In addition it has an pyrogravure exhibition that artist Hüsnü Züber did. What else in the site is Uluumay museum. It is a mueum of public clothes and jewelleries. There are many pieces of clothes, goods and jewelleries used. If you wonder about how was the Ottoman way of life and get rid of biases, then you should definitely visit the area.
It means cultural park and houses Archeological Museum, fun fair, open air cinema, playgrounds for kids, cafes, a pond and more. Here is a relaxing place for the city dwellers and those who tired of big city conditions. Also, here is the neighbour of former stadium of the city’s football club. Now, half of the stands protected just for remembrance, and the area became a square for social organizations, rallies and so forth.
Bursa City Museum (Bursa Kent Müzesi) and Tofaş Anatolian Vehicles Museum (Tofaş Anadolu Arabaları Müzesi) are noteworthy and close to each other.
Bursa City Museum aims to make the cultural, historical, social and economic richness and diversity of the city known. Therefore, it contains every kind of documents, goods, books, visual material, audio and video records about Bursa. Thus, you can see pieces and animations from the foundation to the present day of Bursa.
Tofaş Anatolian Vehicles Museum founded in an old silk factory’s place. It is the first and unique in Turkey. It tells the history of vehicle from carts drawn by two horses to the modern automobiles. The red-carpet treatment goes to a war cart which is 2600 years old. It provides its visitors with pleasure owing to its peace and cafes
8- KHANS SITE (HANLAR BÖLGESİ)
In addition to Kozahan, this site consists of 9 inns. They are all trade centers once. Now, the area is added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. Like Kozahan, there are shops and cafes. When you travel through the streets and the courtyard, you will experience both the past and modern ways of social and economic life.
9- IRGANDI BRIDGE
It is one of the four bridges in the world which has bazaar or shops on. One is in Bulgaria and other two are in Italy. The bridge built in 1442 and got several damges. Last restoration was made in 2004. By means of this restoration, the bridge transformed into an ‘’art bridge’’. As a result, an array of handcrafts are on display and artists or art-lovers make their works exhibited and sold there. Beside traditional Tukish handcrafts, wood carvings, ceramic tiles, miniatures, metal ornaments, Bursa knives, baskets, decorations, mother-of-pearl work are all on windows. Then have a look.
It is an county depended on Bursa. Historically, once it was a capital city of Bithinia Kingdom and Seljukid Empire. Also it became the convention center for the first and seventh ecumenical meetings. When it comes to today’s city, here is a home to Hagia Sofia Mosque, mostly protected city walls, green mosque which is famous for its green tiles and a rich archeological museum. In addition, the city is noteworthy owing to the natural beauties. For example the lake called in the same name, green environment and Bayrak Hill where you can have a wonderful panoramic views of the city.
With Khans site and Muradiye, Cumalıkızık village accepted into the UNESCO World Heritage List too. In addition to the authenticity and intactness of the village, which allows you get an idea about Ottoman way of life, service of the ladies in the shops and cafes in their traditional clothes gives you a lot about the modern day life of Turkish women living in the villages.
Natural features of Bursa give a lot of opportunities and experiences for visitors and its residents. This mountain gets snow 6 months in average and is snowy almost 7 months. Thus skiing facilities are quite developed and so whether you are a professional or know nothing about skiing, youn can enjoy the snow there. Also, there are pretty mountaineering clubs in Bursa. They have scheduled hiking tours across the city and Uludag. In accodance with them, you can have a hiking too.